Mini-FLOTAC and McMaster egg counting method for detection of gastrointestinal parasites in small ruminants: a comparison study


  • Osires Lustosa Vieira Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco (UFRPE), Recife-PE, Brasil
  • Lucia Oliveira Macedo Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco (UFRPE), Recife-PE, Brasil
  • Marcos Antônio Bezerra-Santos Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco (UFRPE), Recife-PE, Brasil
  • Lucas Azevedo dos Santos Universidade Federal do Agreste de Pernambuco (UFAPE), Garanhuns-PE, Brasil
  • Carla Lopes de Mendonça Clínica de Bovinos de Garanhuns, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco (UFRPE), Garanhuns-PE, Brasil
  • Leucio Câmara Alves Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco (UFRPE), Recife-PE, Brasil
  • Rafael Antonio do Nascimento Ramos Universidade Federal do Agreste de Pernambuco (UFAPE), Garanhuns-PE, Brasil
  • Gílcia Aparecida de Carvalho Universidade Federal do Agreste de Pernambuco (UFAPE), Garanhuns-PE, Brasil



parasitological methods, goats, sheep, diagnosis


The proper diagnosis of gastrointestinal parasites of small ruminants requires the development of multivalent techniques characterized by high sensitivity, specificity, precision, reproducibility, and the ability to quickly detect and monitor infections that pose risks to animal health. The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of Mini-FLOTAC technique and McMaster egg counting (gold standard) in the detection of gastrointestinal parasites of goats and sheep. A total of 789 fecal samples were analyzed (401 of sheep and 388 of goats). From those, nematode eggs were detected in 80.86% (638/789), being 72.57% (291/401) from sheep and 89.43% (347/388) from goats. The Mini-FLOTAC technique presented a better performance to detect helminth eggs in both goats (88.40%; 343/388) and sheep (71.57%; 287/401) (?2 = 10.358; p < 0.0001). Kappa analysis revealed a weak concordance between techniques for goats (k = 0.342; p < 0.001) and sheep (k = 0.281; p < 0.001). Data herein reported suggests that the Mini-FLOTAC is a technique more sensitive than the McMaster egg counting, therefore its use might be adopted for the diagnosis of gastrointestinal infection in small ruminants.


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